TOURNEFORT, JOSEPH PITTON DE(b, Aix-en-Provence, France, 3 June ; d. Paris. France, 28 November )botany, fort, who had one. French botanist at the Jardin du Roi in Paris, Joseph Pitton de Tournefort followed his passion for plants and travelled throughout France, Iberia and. French botanist, b. at Aix in Provence, 5 June, ; d. at Paris, 28 Dec., After his school-days at a Jesuit college he studied theology at Aix, but in he.

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Touurnefort is often credited with being the first to make a clear distinction between genus and species. During this time he travelled through Western Europeparticularly the Pyreneeswhere he made extensive collections. Augustus Quirinus Rivinus had even advocated the use of binary nomenclature shortly before Tournefort’s work was published. Saint Gregory subsequently became the king’s religious mentor, and they led the proselytizing activity in the country.

The principles and findings of botany have provided the…. Inthe larger chapel known as the “St.

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Lyons, ; [ Epistola D. His Institutiones Rei Herbariae helped to bridge the gap between the work joeph Bauhin and Linnaeus. They are extremely diverse in appearance. As plant names published before 1 May have no official status, the abbreviation of this pre-Linnaean josepn will seldom be used. According to the botanist Peter Collinson, who visited the physic garden in July and recorded his observation in his commonplace books, Miller “has raised the reputation of the Chelsea Garden so much that it excels all the gardens of Europe for its amazing variety of plants of all orders and classes and from all climates Bernard de Jussieu was born in Lyon.


In botany, classes are now rarely discussed. Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, whom he succeeded at the Jardin du Roi,[1] later the Jardin des Plantes, died in that year. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article.

It produces single, lemon-coloured inflorescences. The year in science and technology involved some significant events. Member feedback about Circaea: Fungi were long thought to be plants, but are nowadays recognized as belonging in a separate taxonomic kingdom.

At higher taxonomic levels, however, Tournefort continued the old practice of designating plants as trees, shrubs, or herbs. List of botanists topic This is a list of botanists who have Wikipedia articles, in alphabetical tournefogt by surname.

The “Institutiones” was preceded by a defence of his system which was entitled, “De optima methode instituenda in re herbaria” Paris,and by a “Histoire des plantes qui naissent aux environs de Paris” Paris,an English translation of which appeared in His own system, based upon the flower and the fruit, chiefly the corolla, was, however, highly artificial. Crataegus [2]commonly called hawthorn, quickthorn,[3] thornapple,[4] May-tree,[5] whitethorn,[5] or hawberry, is a large genus of shrubs and trees in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America.

Member feedback about Bignonia: A double-flowered variety occurs naturally. Keep Exploring Britannica United Nations. Sachs, Julius von; Garnsey, Henry E.

File:Tournefort Joseph Pitton de 1656-1708.jpg

Tournefort was then sent by Louis XIV on a journey through what was then called the Levant with a wide scope not just confined to plants or natural history; he was to bring back information on the peoples and cities including city plans and their trade, manufactures and religions. Oxford at the Clarendon Press. They can be found in tropival Rainforest and semi-desert regions, near the seashore and in the tundra.

Onagraceae Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. The population of Aix numbers approximatelyTournefort wrote in French, and in the work was translated into Latin with the title Institutiones rei herbariae, with a second edition published in More important, however, Tournefort was the first botanist to make a clear distinction between species and genus.


There are no hard rules that a taxonomist needs to follow in describing a class, but for well-known animals there is likely to be consensus. Between April and JuneTournefort passed through the Greek islands on his way to visit Constantinople modern Istanbul and the lands bordering the Black Seaincluding Armenia and Georgia and extending to the Persian Iranian frontier.

The taxonomy of lichens was first intensively investigated by the Swedish botanist Erik Acharius —who is therefore sometimes named the “father of lichenology”. Corollarium institutionum rei herbariae, in quo plantae munificentia Ludovici Magni in orientalibus regionibus observatae recensentur Paris,a supp.

Joseph Pitton de Tournefort | Revolvy

Tournefort is recognized as a botanical explorer, and as the author of the artificial system of plants named after him. Liliaceae genera Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Folder 1 Calypte. Organisms are grouped pittkn into taxa singular: Vines Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

The result is a well-integrated and easily accessible whole that could not fail to produce a sensation. Etymology The Latin name Crataegus is from the Greek kratos “strength” and akis “sharp”, referring to the thorns of some species. Absorbed in the pitton task of making an inventory of the genera in the material at hand, Tournefort did not have time to consider each species in detail.