Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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Other names include Powderpuff and Kaliandra. The fruits are broadly linear, flattened, pubescent, calothysus pods, cm long x 1 cm broad, and brown in colour. Not as deep rooting or drought tolerant as L. Flowering may start in the first year, but good fruit set does not start until the second[ ]. This taxon has not yet been assessed.

Stumps are very useful for interplanting among other trees or for a better establishment on steep slopes. They can be sown directly in the cleared field or in a nursery. Intake, digestibility and nitrogen utilization of three tropical tree leguems I. After collecting, drying and storing of the seeds they can germinate without treatment, [3] but a quicker germination is achieved by soaking the seeds in cold water for 48 hours. Used as a shade tree over coffee and tea. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes.


Calliandra calothyrsus is a valuable wood source to poor populations that still rely on firewood as energy source. However, the high tannin content of the leaves reduces the microbial breakdown of organic matter in the soil Palmer et al.

Flowers, immature pods, and seeds. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access to our website pages.

However, as with other shrubs, animals tend to select the parts which are richer in protein and poorer in fibre Roothaert, It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. Not very drought tolerant, but can withstand dry periods, particularly in riverine environments, or where a perched watertable is claliandra. Prefers a position in full sun[ ]. Coppice trees to 1 m prior to the wet season to stimulate calothhrsus production.

The ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen, high leaf biomass production and high yields of protein leaf material on less fertile soils make this species very suitable as a green manure and it is used in alley-cropping systems.

Once mycorrhizal infection is effective, calliandra may grow to a height of 3. Calliandra intake resulted in a capothyrsus in cellulolytic bacteria in the rumen Salawu, related to tannin content McSweeney et al. The digestibility of fibre and protein of calliandra tend to be lower than that of comparable shrubs such as leucaena Hove et al.

Scientific name

In East Africa its pollinators have not been definitely identified but the flowers are visited by a range of nectar-seeking insects including wasps G. It can be regularly coppiced to provide firewood. Seed crops are commonly poor in the first year of production.


Click on images to enlarge. The editors could find no information on any biological control agents for this species.

World Rabbit Science, 6 Flowers are andromonoecious, bearing both hermaphrodite bisexual and staminate male flowers. In Kenya has Calliandra calothyrsus been fed to lactating cows in either addition or as a replacement for commercial concentrates dairy meal.

Fact sheet – Calliandra calothyrsus

The regular pollarding of calliandra promotes coppicing for more than 10 years. In Indonesia, a scale insect occasionally infests branches and stems, termites and borers attack the stemand a looper eats the leaves. In Kenya, increases in goat milk production were reported though the conditions of distribution were not specified Place et al. Adapted to altitudes fromm asl. QR Code What’s this?

They contain seeds. When given as a supplement, dry calliandra increased daily milk yield by 0. The effects of cultivation site on forage quality of Calliandra calothyrsus var. Mechanical scarification is also used. The genus Calothyrxus belongs to the family Fabaceae Leguminosaesubfamily Mimosoideae and tribe Ingae.