You agree to abide by all applicable anti-corruption laws, including laws prohibiting illegal payments to people for a corrupt purpose in relation to these. Clase 5 bocio endemico download as powerpoint presentation. Prevalence and geographical distribution of endemic goitre. Saude publica avaliacao do bocio. May-Jul;23()– [PubMed]; STACPOOLE HH. La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Bol Oficina Sanit Panam. Mar;36(3)–
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When we explored other dependent variables, we did not find any significant effect of altitude. The stability of potassium iodate in crude table salt.
Only bocil with more than 30 children between 6 to 12 years of age were included in this study Table 4 shows detailed UIC results for each municipality, including the frequencies of UIC median values obtained in the 50 survey sites. WHO [database on the internet].
bocio endemico en mexico pdf – PDF Files
In addition, a potential limitation to this study is that the sample size employed to calculate the median UIC was less than 30 subjects in a few locations, which could prevent an accurate assessment of iodine status. Bull World Health Organ. Iodine nutrition improves in Latin America. In Mexico, it is compulsory for the food industry to employ iodized salt in their products.
To analyze if data show Gaussian normal distributed we used D’Angostino and Person omnibus normality test.
Therefore, we assume that snack foods are iodine rich, too. Goiter was evaluated by manual exam and ultrasound. N Engl J Med. These UIC levels are lower than in some Latin American countries, and this may be because in the USA and Switzerland, the addition of iodine to salt for direct human consumption or for food industry is not mandatory. The geography and altitude have been traditionally described as important factors regarding iodine availability in soil. The SGI is a measurement obtained by means of a principal component analysis that summarizes 11 indicators categorized in four dimensions: National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
Besides, inside or near most Mexican elementary schools, there are small stores that sell snack foods rich in energy, carbohydrates, fat, and iodized mexxico A follow-up study of 75 families in a Brazilian Amazon community.
bocio endemico en mexico pdf fonatur – PDF Files
Iodine deficiency in La profilaxis del bocio endemico en Mexico. Services on Demand Journal.
Med Cir Bogota Aug; 16 Disease control priorities in developing countries. The best models obtained during the exploration analysis are reported Model 1 and Model 2. However, we did not find a significant association for the altitude on UIC, which is in accordance to the results obtained by Aghini-Lombardi and cols.
Estrategia contra el sobrepeso y la obesidad. Body mass index BMI was estimated for each subject. From each locality, one state elementary school was selected as the survey site.
These data are in agreement with the quantitative analysis of iodine content in the subsample of table salt Table 3. Figure 1A shows a typical non-Gaussian distribution of individual UIC values obtained from spot urine samples.
bocio endemico en mexico pdf fonatur
Birth prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in Mexico. Endemic goiter in Venezuela studied with I Endemic goiter in these municipalities, and in Pinal de Amoles and San Joaquin is associated with geographical characteristics.
For this selection we used data fromand the municipalities selected based on this criterion were Colon, El Marques, Huimilpan, and Pedro Escobedo 22, In general, it is accepted that 30 urine samples are enough to calculate the median of UIC 2.
A total of J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Assessment of iodine deficiency disorders and monitoring their elimination: Endemic goiter in El Mesico school children.
Impact of protein energy malnutrition on thyroid mwxico in an iodine deficient population of Gujarat India: Iodine status was found as deficient, adequate, more than adequate and excessive in 2, 4, 19 and 25 schools, respectively. Get a printable copy PDF file of the complete article 1.
On mexoco other hand, because UIC values obtained from spot urine samples are not useful to estimate individual iodine intake, we used UIC median values from each school to perform a population analysis instead of individual analysis.
In our case only 7. To our knowledge, the observed positive correlation between UIC and overweight and obesity has not been described before, and could be explained by the availability and consumption of snack food rich in energy and iodized salt. This finding is in accordance with previous reports, such as those from Indonesia 19 and India Quantitative iodine analyses of table salt were performed using the sodium thiosulfate titration method 2.
SGI was created by the National Council for Evaluation of Social Development Policy CONEVAL that, according to the Mexican law, represents the authority and has the responsibility to establish these guidelines and criteria for the definition, identification, and measurement of poverty Cross-sectional study in a purposive sample in three regions, one with known high prevalence of goiter Huejutlaone with unknown prevalence Ixmiquilpan and one with no expected deficiency Pachuca.
Endemic goiter in Latin America
Iodine-deficient soils are common in mountainous areas Stunting, wasting, and micronutrient deficiency disorders. This seemingly contradiction could be explained by the access to other dietary sources of iodine, such as processed food, considering the lower SGI and the subsequent higher social development. Correlation analyses between UIC and global nutrition status indicators and SGI using data from the 50 schools are shown in Figures 2 and 3. Mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt modestly improves iodine status in schoolchildren.